Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945). Also: Karl.

Relation to Gustav Mahler (1860-1911): Step father in law through his wife Alma Mahler (1879-1964).

  • Born: 23-04-1861 Vienna, Austria.
  • Father: Julius Johann Franz Moll (Born: 02-06-1829, Died: 15-03-1877).
  • Mother: Maria Magdalena Rosina Schmid (Born: 28-08-1835, Died: 18-04-1919).
  • Step children: 2:
  1. Alma Mahler (1879-1964). Daughter of Jacob Emil Schindler (1842-1892). No adoption.
  2. Margarethe (Grete) Julie Schindler (1880-1942). Probably not a daughter of Jacob Emil Schindler (1842-1892) but from Julius Victor Berger (1850-1902). No adoption.
  • Child 1:
  1. Maria Eberstaller-Moll (1899-1945). Married to nazi Richard Eberstaller (1887-1945).
  1. Maria Eberstaller-Moll (1899-1945) (aged 46);
  2. Richard Eberstaller (1887-1945) (aged 58);
  3. Anna Sofie Moll-Schindler-Bergen (1857-1938) (aged 81);
  4. Hermine Moll (aged 77), buried 02-03-1944.
  5. Julius Moll (aged 47), died 05-03-1877.
  6. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) (aged 84);
  7. Marie Moll (aged 83), died 08-04-1919.
  8. Rudolf Moll (aged 69), born 01-01-1859, died 14-07-1928.
  9. Julius Moll (aged 29), died 11-07-1918.


Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945).

Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945).

1905. Vienna. Garden Villa Carl MollGustav Mahler (1860-1911)Max Reinhardt (1873-1943) (his back to the camera), Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) and Hans Pfitzner (1869-1949).

1905. Vienna. Garden Villa Carl MollMax Reinhardt (1873-1943)Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945)Hans Pfitzner (1869-1949) and Josef Hoffmann (1870-1956) (his back to the camera).

1905. Vienna. Garden Villa Carl Moll. Unknown person, Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945)Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) and Alfred Roller (1864-1935) (standing in front of Gustav Mahler).

1936. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945).

Moll family grave, Vienna, Austria.


  • Student years: He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, where he was a pupil of Christian Griepenkerl and Jacob Emil Schindler (1842-1892) (the father of his later step daughter Alma Mahler (1879-1964).
  • Year 1892: After the death of his teacher Jakob Emil Schindler (1842-1892) he married his widow Anna Sofie Moll-Schindler-Bergen (1857-1938) in 1892.
  • Year 1897: Founder of the Secession in Vienna.
  • Year 1902: Ms. Keller writes that when Alma Mahler (1879-1964) met Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) her passion for Alexander von Zemlinsky (1871-1942) evaporated like snow in the sun, just like the anti-Semitic sentiment of her family (Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) and Anna Sofie Moll-Schindler-Bergen (1857-1938)).
  • Year 1903: He encouraged the Belvedere Gallery to exhibit contemporary Austrian art.
  • Year 1905: Exits Secession together with Gustav Klimt. He still continues to be involved in art exhibitions in Vienna, including the first exhibition in Vienna of the work of Vincent van Gogh. 
  • Year 1906: The second painting above his self-portrait from 1906 is a picture of Van Gogh's painting of the artist's mother.
  • Year 1911: The behavior of Carl Moll was inconceivable. He seemed to like and respect Gustav Mahler. With great sadness, he sat at Mahlers deathbed and made his deathmask. Yet his particular experiences did not stop him 25 years later to condemn Nazism.
  • 1945: Carl Moll had a daughter (Alma Mahler (1879-1964)'s much younger half-sister): Maria Eberstaller-Moll (1899-1945). She was married to a Nazi (Richard Eberstaller (1887-1945) who was the vice president of the Nazi Court in Vienna from 1938 to 1945. He made Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) support the Nazis after Hitler seized power in Germany. In a letter to Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945), Alma Mahler (1879-1964) praised Hitler as the "great organizer". Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) was never a party member, nor his daughter or his son in law. Their Nazi faith was the reason for suicide when the Russian troops invaded Vienna. When the Red Army won the Battle of Vienna in April 1945, Carl Moll wrote a farewell letter dated 10-04-1945 saying "I fall asleep unrepentant, I have had all beautiful things, life had to offer". Three days later invaded Soviet soldiers his house, raped his daughter and injured Moll. Thereupon Carl Moll, his daughter and his son in law ended there lives. 
  • After judicially established course "celebrated" Carl Moll on 12-04-1945 in the evening with some house roommates still the birthday of Dr. Eberstaller (* Langenlois 12-04-1887). As Eberstaller that day came home from the court, he found in his apartment looters. Carl Moll suffered shortly before a violation by artillery and grenade jump felt very dejected. Maria Eberstaller served a homemade, Humble Pie. We said goodbye to calm of the roommates. The next morning was found dead Moll, Mrs. Maria Eberstaller inhaled short yet, Dr. Eberstaller "rattled". The tried with him were futile resuscitation attempts, he died at noon of 13-04-1945. It was only at this time came the first Soviet soldiers smashed the windows and forced their way into the hall. For a frequently mentioned in the literature rape of Mary by the Russians, who would perform as a motive for suicide Molls and his family should be found in the court records no Indizien. Moll was against his life a convinced Nazi, but that did him art history, never resented.
  • The by a splinter of a Artillerieschrapnells injured painter Carl Moll, committed in the night of 12-04-1945 to 13-04-1945 suicide together with his daughter Maria Eberstaller-Moll (1899-1945) and son-in District Court Vice President Richard Eberstaller (1887-1945) by poisoning (Vienna 19, Wollergasse 10). All three were subsequently buried in the garden of the  by the Soviet artillery bombardment damaged villa (the adjacent villa of no. 8 had been previously destroyed by an Allied air raid, the opposite nos. 7 and 7A damaged). In order for the Catholic Moll to get a reburial, he was entered in the Sterbematrik of the parish hurch Heiligestadt with the cause of death (dated 08-08-1945) "Granat injury and blood loss." His daughter and son in law were Protestant and were 12-10-1945 reburied on Grinzing cemetery.
  • With the Russians at the gates of Vienna, the President of the Court, Judge Eberstaller, his wife Marie and Carl Moll, committed suicide by poison during the night of 12-13 May. All three were subsequently buried in theadjacent villa grounds, which had previously been destroyed by an Allied airattack. All three were later exhumed and re-buried in the Grinzing Cemetery. They left a will dated 12 April 1945 in which as legal owners of Alma’s properties, they bequeathed everything to their friends and to members of their own family. The Russian army requisitioned two of the Moll-Mahler houses on Steinfeld and Wollergasse, 10. In June 1945, Alma’s nephew, Dr Willi Legler was commissioned to examine the Wollergasse, 10 house and record its contents. He wrote a lengthy report of his findings. Here, days later, a semi-secret room was found to exist under the staircase and, once opened, it proved to be full of cases containing books and scores from Mahler’s library. Some of the boxes had been opened. Alma later removed these contents to her New York residence.
  • The painting Winter Courtyard by Carl Moll is in Budapest at the Museum of Fine Arts.


1903. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945)- Hausgarten. Hohe Warte, Vienna.


1903. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) - Anna Sofie Moll-Schindler-Bergen (1857-1938) in the living room at Hohe Warte, Vienna.


1903. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945): Study - Wollergasse 10 (Villa Moll II), Hohe Warte, Vienna.

1903. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) - Salon Hohe Warte, Vienna.

1905. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945).

1906. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) - The artist in his studio at Hohe Warte, Vienna.

Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945).

Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945).

1926. Carl Julius Rudolf Moll (1861-1945) - Venice, Zattere.